View the complete Terms of Reference here.

  • Location: Republic of Mozambique
  • Work Type: Consultancy
  • Role:  Two (2) consultancies to conduct a Qualitative Research on Children’s Ability to Search, Access and Use Information in Mozambique as a part of the development of a global model to measure Information Poverty of Children

Purpose and objective:

In collaboration with UNICEF Office of Innovation and UNICEF Mozambique Country Office, the consultants are expected to design and conduct a research of the pilot phase of the Information Poverty project in Mozambique based on the global model being tested and its adaptation to the local context with the aim of generating in-depth knowledge on the nature and levels of information poverty of children aged 13-17 years. To learn more about our Information Poverty project click here and view below:

 

With the main objective of testing the hypothesis that information leads to opportunity, leads to choice, the research will address the following three questions:

  1. What are the areas of children’s lives they can make decisions/choices on?
  2. What are these decisions based on and which part of them relates to knowledge and information?
  3. What are the main sources of this information?

Also, the research will look into and assess the following areas:

  1. What are media/sources the children use to search and access relevant information (ex. on health, education, family planning, etc.)?
  2. What are the factors and variables that determine children’s ability to access, search and use relevant information (language, literacy, infrastructure, network coverage, SES, etc.)?
  3. Which information they, in fact, use to make choices?

The results of the research will guide the development of the data collection plan (both traditional and new data sources) and corresponding analysis.

Intended Use and Users

Across different programme areas, renewed efforts are needed to gather data and evidence for child-centered programming, and to advocate for the use of evidence in policy and budget decision-making. The outcome of the research will provide initial insights around the needs of adolescents in Mozambique and will also serve as the first step towards building a tool that provides the necessary evidence for more informed programming and decision-making:

  1. In the pilot stage, the information gathered will be primarily used by UNICEF to understand the nature and specific determinants of information deprivation of children and communities they live in and how those limit or enable the reach of UNICEF programs in the field. More specifically it will inform UNICEF’s programming and decision-making in the area of:
  • Improved targeting based on the information of who are the most deprived children and communities (specific age groups, regions, urban/rural, gender needs, etc.).
  • Increased reach and effectiveness of existing and new approaches in Communication for Development – identify and plan the strategic behaviour and social change and social norms programming across all sectoral areas as well as the most effective and basic information sources and content that should be put in place, leveraging national and local partnerships to create synergies for change.
  • Optimized resource allocation for addressing specific gaps affecting children’s ability to access, search and use relevant information for an opportunity-rich future.
  1. The results and insights obtained during the research will inform overall regional activities with specific focus on the Information Poverty initiatives within different countries in the region – i.e. Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique – by:
  • Developing recommendations on which data could be used to analyze relevant variables and factors that determine child information poverty along its different dimensions (availability, access, usage).
  • Providing insights and knowledge that will help improve and adjust the global model.
  1. Eventually, the Information Poverty model will be used for advocacy and policy dialogue to help UNICEF catalyze multi-sectoral coordination around policies and strategies relevant to adolescents; leverage domestic and partner resources; promote institutional capacity building in communication for development, and foster adolescent engagement and participation.

Methodology and Technical approach

The proposed research will be qualitative in nature and will be based on in-depth case studies in 3 selected provinces in the South, Center and North of the country. In each province 2 communities will be selected, one urban and one rural, at the same time accounting for socio-economic and cultural differences (the final selection of the communities will be conducted after the consultations with key stakeholders in Mozambique). Therefore, a total of 6 case studies will be conducted.

The consultants are expected to:

  1. Design a methodology relevant for the local context, including data collection procedures and instruments that should be qualitative in nature and allow for generation of in-depth child and community level insights into how children make choices and what type of information are these choices based on, as well as the access to, availability and use of information channels and broader social networks.
  2. Carry out the implementation of the research and data collection with the support of a local research assistant. Field research in several communities to gather data that will allow us to test the key hypothesis and build the ‘information access graph’ of a child.
  3. Based on the collected information develop recommendations on which data could be used to analyze relevant variables and factors that determine child information poverty along the 3 dimensions (availability, access, usage).

The methods to be used will be highly participatory and should be informed, developed and tested with children. Amongst others, they should include focus group discussions, design research methods, and techniques, social network mapping, key-informant interviews, etc.

Ethical Considerations: As this research will involve children as informants, particular attention should be paid to ethical issues [1]. Moreover, the design of the research and the implementation process should explicitly address the Strategic Guidance Note on Institutionalizing Ethical Practice for UNICEF Research and UNICEF Procedure for Ethical Standards in Research, Evaluation, Data Collection and Analysis. Therefore, the research protocol will be submitted to an Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval at the Mozambique CO.

Activities and Tasks

The main activities and tasks under this consultancy can be grouped as follows:

Phase 1 – Design of methodology

  • Complete existing literature/data review
  • Produce the necessary materials for the research implementation:
  • Methodology: research methods, data collection instruments, and tools
  • Identify 6 case studies sites and identify sample size and composition
  • Organize a Methodological Workshop with local stakeholders to validate the research methodology and instruments and get a context specific inputs;
  • Ethical Review and Approval of the Research Protocol. Given the involvement of human subjects, particularly children as primary informants, the full Protocol for the research should be submitted for the ethical review to a designated IRB. Expected time needed for obtaining the approval is up to 30 days.
  • Pre-test of the designed materials for the research and necessary final revisions.

Phase 2 – Implementation

  • Data collection and analysis
  • Produce and present final report and relevant recommendations for Mozambique and the overall Information Poverty Model

Expected Deliverables, Timeframe and Payment Schedule

Payments will be processed upon acceptance of the corresponding deliverable and against an invoice that will make reference to the contract reference and deliverable number. Payments will be approved by the respective section chief. Payment timeframe after the certification of the service of 15 working days.

Deliverable 1:

  • Delivery Timeframe: End of January 2017
  • Deliverable/product(s): Desk review completed and draft Research Protocol with methodology prepared
  • Payment: No payment associated to this deliverable

Deliverable 2:

  • Delivery Timeframe: Mid- February 2017
  • Deliverable/product(s): Methodological Workshop with local stakeholders and the Research Protocol and instruments finalized
  • Payment: No payment associated to this deliverable

Deliverable 3:

  • Delivery Timeframe: End of February 2017
  • Deliverable/product(s): The IRB protocol and clearance documents for ethics clearance
  • Payment: 30% of the total fee

Deliverable 4:

  • Delivery Timeframe: Beginning of March 2017
  • Deliverable/product(s): Pretest of the methodology and research tools conducted
  • Payment: No payment associated to this deliverable

Deliverable 5:

  • Delivery timeframe: Mid-April 2017
  • Deliverable/product(s): Electronic copies of raw and clean collected data sets, as well as copies of the filled-in data collection tools
  • Payment: No payment associated to this deliverable

Deliverable 6:

  • Delivery Timeframe: End of April 2017
  • Deliverable/product(s): Approved research report. The report is to be submitted in word digital format, in English and Portuguese
  • Payment: 70% of the total fee

The consultants’ fee may be reduced if the assignments/deliverables are not fulfilled to the required standard. In a case of serious dissatisfaction with the consultants’ performance, the contract may be terminated in line with UNICEF procedure in such matters.

Management and Time Period for the Consultancy

The selected consultants will report directly to the Chief of Social Policy, Research and Evaluation and the Research and Evaluation Specialist from Mozambique Country Office in close collaboration with the Office of Innovation Lead, UNICEF HQ. Meetings with program partners and the Government will be arranged with the support of the UNICEF Mozambique CO.

The quality assurance of the research implementation and products will be done by both the research managers from the Office of Innovation and UNICEF Mozambique.

The research work will be home-based with frequent travels to Maputo and selected provinces for field work and meetings. The assignment will start in December 2016 and end in April 2017.

The timeframe for this work assignment is from 24 December 2016 to 30 April 2017.

During that period the total number of consultancy days available for an international consultant is up to 49, with estimated share of days as following:

  • Desk review – 5 days
  • Research Protocol – 5 days
  • Methodological workshop – 3 days
  • Revisions and finalization of the Research Protocol – 2 days
  • Field research – 20 days
  • Data synthesis and analysis – 7 days
  • Draft Final Report – 5 days
  • Presentation/validation of the report – 2 days

The total number of consultancy days available for a national consultant is up to 29, with estimated share of days as following:

  • Methodological workshop – 3 days
  • Field research – 20 days
  • Data synthesis and analysis – 4 days
  • Presentation/validation of the report – 2 days

Qualifications and Specialized Knowledge

This assignment requires one international consultant (research lead) and one national consultant (research assistant). Two individual consultancy contracts will be issued.

Required qualifications of the primary consultant / research lead

  • Advanced degree in economics, social science or related social science disciplines, Ph.D. would be an asset.
  • Minimum of 5-7 years of relevant work experience in developing and carrying out participatory child-focused research, preferably in the development context.
  • Strong methodological knowledge and skills in qualitative and quantitative research design, data collection, data analysis and reporting for development programmes.
  • Basic knowledge on ethics and human subject protection in research.
  • Previous experience working in Mozambique or region would be an asset.
  • Excellent communication skills, writing and oral presentations to effectively discuss the design and to report findings, focusing on producing useful and accessible findings.
  • Fluency (verbal and written) in English.
  • Fluency (verbal and written) in Portuguese would be an asset.

 Required qualifications of the local consultant / research assistant

  • Degree in economics, social science or related social science disciplines, Master’s degree would be an asset.
  • Minimum of 3-5 years of relevant work experience in developing and carrying out participatory child-focused research, preferably in the development context.
  • Basic knowledge on ethics and human subject protection in research.
  • Excellent communication skills, writing and oral presentations to effectively discuss the design and to report findings, focusing on producing useful and accessible findings.
  • Fluency (verbal and written) in English.
  • Fluency (verbal and written) in Portuguese.
  • Knowledge of local languages would be an asset.

 Conditions of Work

  • International Travel (International consultant only): The financial offer must be all inclusive. The responsibility of making international travel arrangements and covering these costs fall to the consultant. UNICEF to be provided a copy of itineraries.
  • Visa for internationally recruited consultant(s): The responsibility and cost of securing necessary visas fall on the consultant. UNICEF may provide assistance in the form of a note verbale in support of the visa process.
  • Per Diem: The financial offer of the consultant must be all inclusive. The responsibility of making and covering all costs related to travel and accommodation within Mozambique falls to the consultant.
  • Service incurred death, injury or illness: Per the provisions of CF/IC/2013-001, the contract carries insurance coverage “in cases of service-incurred injury, illness or death under a third-party provider”.
  • Health Insurance: Responsibility of the consultant – in the case of the international consultant, the insurance must include medical evacuation.
  • Office Space: Depending on availability, UNICEF may provide office space on a limited basis during particularly critical moments in the consultancy.
  • Computer: The consultants will use their own equipment. UNICEF may facilitate access to the internet in its premises.

How to apply

To apply click here. Qualified consultants are to attach their résumé and credentials to their application, and upload a financial proposal in a separate file. The financial proposal should consist of an all-inclusive financial offer consisting of fee for the services to be provided, travel and subsistence costs, as applicable.

Other

Detailed information on the background and context available upon request.

UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages qualified female and male candidates from all national, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of our organisation.

Opening Date 6 Dec 2016 Egypt Standard Time
Closing Date 18 Dec 2016 Egypt Standard Time

View the complete Terms of Reference here.

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